About Tanzania

Tanzania has been home, haven and stopover to countless people of many different origins. Her history has been influenced by a procession of people from the original Bantu settlers from South and West Africa to the Arabs from Shiraz in Persia and the Oman, from the Portuguese to the Germans and the British.

Tanzania was still known as Tanganyika when she achieved her independence in 1961. When Zanzibar became independent in 1964, the two countries united as the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. In late 1964 they renamed their country the United Republic of Tanzania.

Tanzania offers some of the greatest wildlife viewing on earth amidst a dramatic setting of snowy peaks, volcanic craters and the Maasai steppe of endless plains. Unfenced and untamed, the animals roam free across the vast grasslands, and hordes of wildebeest and Zebra migrate annually followed by a host of predators. Few countries in the world can compare to Tanzania in natural beauty and cultural diversity.

Tanzania offers an incredible array of wildlife and unique cultures in a spectacular setting.

The Northern safari circuit, which is the most popular area for first time visitors, includes: The snow capped Mount Kilimanjaro – the highest mountain in Africa, Arusha National Park of Momella lakes, Ngorongoro crater and Mount Meru, Tarangire National Parks famous for its dramatic baobab trees, Lake Manyara National Park with its tree climbing lions and flamingos and water birds at its lake shores, the incomparable Ngorongoro crater, a natural 20 km amphitheatre, and the mighty Serengeti, teeming with 3.5 million animals and famous for its dramatic annual migration of wildebeest.

All of the National Parks and Reserves abound with plains animals, bird life, and local tribal history. Here you find elephants, rhinos, lions, leopards, buffalo, elands, orix, impalas, hyenas, jackals, foxes, crocodiles, kudus, waterbucks, bushbucks, dik diks, klipspringers, Grant & Thomson gazelles, topis, hartebeest, cheetahs, serval cats, spring hares and many other species. As for birdlife, Tanzania is a jewel for the ornithologist. Professionals and amateurs alike will find water birds, bird’s of prey, forest species, and plains species. Over 1,040 species of birds have been sighted in Tanzania.

The Tanzanian climate is tropical: The central plateau is dry and arid with hot days and cool nights, while the north-west highlands are cool and temperate. June to September is the cooler season. The long rains are from March to May and the short rains are between October and December. The hottest months are between October and February. On the coast it rains in November and December and from March to May. Coastal areas are hot throughout the year.

Climate:

Tanzania’s climate is predominately tropical. Coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but on the beaches a sea breeze cools the air considerably. The average day temperature is 30°C. Tanzania has two rainy seasons – the long rains from late March to June andthe short rains from The long rains fall in heavy downpours, often accompanied by violent storms, but the short rains tend to be much less severe. The hottest time of the year is from December to March, before the long rains begin. The coolest months are June, July and August, when the weather is often overcast. In high-altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro Highlands, temperatures can fall below freezing.

Entry requirements:

A valid passport. Most visitors to Tanzania require a visa to enter the country. Three month single-entry tourist visas are available at Tanzanian embassies in your country, price subject to nationality. Contact your Tanzania local embassy.

Official languages:

Kiswahili and English

Currency:

The Tanzania shilling (Tsh or TZS), divided into 100 cents, is the national currency

Airport tax:

Departure tax from mainland Tanzania is included in the price of your ticket, however in Zanzibar there is a departure tax of US $40 payable at the airport. There is a TSH 10,000 (approx US $5) tax levied on passengers within Tanzania.

Banking:

Banks and bureau de change are available at airports and in all major towns.
Banking hours are from Monday – Friday Eight.30am – 3.00pm, Saturday Eight.30am – 1.30pm. A few branches in the major towns are open until 4.00pm. Please note that banks are closed on Sunday.

Health:

Tanzania is located in a tropical climate with different bacteria, flora, and fauna than most visitors are accustomed to, so it is advisable to take a few health precautions when traveling to make sure that your trip goes as comfortably and smoothly as possible. Malaria is usually top on the list of visitors’ worries, and prevention goes a long way towards keeping you protected. Make sure to visit your doctor to get a prescription for de anti-malarial drugs the best suit your health and condition – there are some very good ones available on the market. The yellow-fever vaccination is no longer officially required when entering Tanzania, (however this is still a requirement if you wish to visit Zanzibar). Other vaccinations should be considered, for more information, contact your doctor well in advance of your visit.

Security:

Tanzania is a safe country to travel in. Tanzanians are warm-hearted and generous people and are eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay. Tanzania is a politically stable, multi-democratic country. As in all countries, a little common sense goes a long way and reasonable precautions should still be taken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe and not walking alone at night.

Insurance:

(a) Amazing Kilimanjaro Tours and Travel is insured against any legal liability which may arise out of injury or death to the Client in accordance with and to the extent required by the Laws of respective local destination.

(b) The Company insurance does not cover illness, medical expenses, damage to or loss of baggage and consequential damages arising from any one of these or at all and the Organizer must advise Clients to effect their own insurance prior to their arrival in the local destination and such insurance to cover as a minimum, death, personal injury, medical expenses, damage to or loss of baggage and consequential damages arising in the event of any one of the foregoing.

Location: Situated just South of Equator latitude 1.11 South / Longitude 30 – 42 East.

Population: Over 45 Million. Capital city: DODOMA. Head of State: His Excellency President Dr.John Pombe Joseph Magufuli. Language: Swahili – National / Official language English – very widely spoken particular in business circles. Passport: All visitors entering should have valid passports. Visa: is a must before entering should be obtained from our diplomatic representatives abroad except countries within the common wealth.

Advice:

1.On consultation with you physician please carry drugs against Malaria as well as medication you need e.g. Hypertension, Diabetes, etc.

2.Temporary membership of the flying doctors in case an emergency evacuation should be necessary.